bureaucracy

Gen Mgt
an organization structure with a rigid hierarchy of personnel, regulated by set rules and procedures. Max Weber believed that a bureaucracy was technically the most efficient form of organization. He described a bureaucracy as an organization structured around official functions that are bound by rules, each function having its own specified competence. The functions are structured into offices, which are organized into a hierarchy that follows technical rules and norms. Managers in a bureaucracy possess a rational-legal type of authority derived from the office they hold. Bureaucracies have been criticized for eradicating inspiration and creativity in favor of impersonality and the mundaneness and regularity of corporate life. This was best described in William H. Whyte’s The Organization Man, published in 1956, in which the individual was taken over by the bureaucratic machine in the name of efficiency. A more recent and humorous interpretation of life in a bureaucracy has been depicted by Scott Adams in The Dilbert Principle (1996). The term bureaucracy has gradually become a pejorative synonym for excessive and time-consuming paperwork and administration. Bureaucracies fell subject to delayering and downsizing from the 1980s onward, as the flatter organization became the target structure to ensure swifter market response and organizational flexibility.

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  • Bureaucracy — is the structure and set of regulations in place to control activity, usually in large organizations and government. As opposed to adhocracy, it is represented by standardized procedure (rule following) that dictates the execution of most or all… …   Wikipedia

  • bureaucracy — bu‧reauc‧ra‧cy [bjʊəˈrɒkrəsi ǁ bjʊˈrɑː ] noun bureaucracies PLURALFORM 1. [countable] a system of government that uses a large number of departments and officials: • a powerful centralized bureaucracy 2. [uncountable] disapproving all the… …   Financial and business terms

  • Bureaucracy — ist ein Textadventure von Infocom aus dem Jahr 1987, das u. a. von Douglas Adams geschrieben wurde. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Handlung 2 Beilagen 3 Anmerkungen 4 Literatur …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • bureaucracy — I noun administration, agency, authorities, delegated authority, departmentalization, governance, government, government by bureaus, government office, governmental procedure, governmental system for decision making, inflexible routine,… …   Law dictionary

  • bureaucracy — 1818, from Fr. bureaucratie, from bureau office, lit. desk (see BUREAU (Cf. bureau)) + Gk. suffix kratia denoting power of; coined by Fr. economist Jean Claude Marie Vincent de Gournay (1712 1759) on model of democratie, aristocratie. That vast… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Bureaucracy — Bu*reau cra*cy, n. [Bureau + Gr. ? to be strong, to govern, ? strength: cf. F. bureaucratie.] 1. A system of carrying on the business of government by means of departments or bureaus, each under the control of a chief, in contradiction to a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • bureaucracy — [n] system which controls organization administration, authority, beadledom*, city hall*, civil service, directorate, government, management, ministry, officialdom, officials, powers that be*, red tape*, regulatory commission, the Establishment* …   New thesaurus

  • bureaucracy — ► NOUN (pl. bureaucracies) 1) a system of government in which most decisions are taken by state officials rather than by elected representatives. 2) excessively complicated administrative procedure. DERIVATIVES bureaucratization (also… …   English terms dictionary

  • bureaucracy — [byoo rä′krə sē, byo͞orä′krə sē] n. pl. bureaucracies [Fr bureaucratie < BUREAU + cratie, CRACY] 1. the administration of government through departments and subdivisions managed by sets of appointed officials following an inflexible routine 2 …   English World dictionary

  • bureaucracy — /byoo rok reuh see/, n., pl. bureaucracies. 1. government by many bureaus, administrators, and petty officials. 2. the body of officials and administrators, esp. of a government or government department. 3. excessive multiplication of, and… …   Universalium

  • bureaucracy — A body of administrative officials, and the procedures and tasks involved in a particular system of administration, for example a state or formal organization. Max Weber did not invent the concept of bureaucracy (the term was coined in France at… …   Dictionary of sociology

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